Moral

Moral is about the principles of right and wrong behaviour when it comes to intentions, decisions and actions.

Being moral stands for a behaviour considered by most people to be correct and honest.

Moral philosophy is also known as ethics. It is a part of philosophy that concerns questions of morality. 

Immanuel Kant's theory of ethics is considered deontological for several different reasons. 


His first argument of moral behaviour is that people have to act from duty – the highest good must be good in itself (intrinsically good) and good without qualification.

He says that there is only one thing that is truly good:

„Nothing in the world—indeed nothing even beyond the world—can possibly be conceived which could be called good without qualification except a good will.“ (Kant, Immanuel. 1785. 'First Section: Transition from the Common Rational Knowledge of Morals to the Philosophical', Ground work of the Metaphysics of Morals.)

 

His second argument is that moral behaviour is not about actions but about the motives and intentions of the person that carries out the action. He argues that someone has a good will when the person „acts out of respect for the moral law“ (Kant, Immanuel. 1785. 'First Section: Transition from the Common Rational Knowledge of Morals to the Philosophical', Ground work of the Metaphysics of Morals.) which means someone chooses to do something because it is that person’s duty.

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