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Algorithmic information

 Editor
Burgin, Mark
 Incorporated contributions
Burgin (17/02/2011)
 Usage domain
Computer science, coding science, Algorithmic information Theory, Complexity theory
 Type
concept
 French
information algorithmique
 German algorithmische Information
 
Algorithmic information reflects aspects and properties of information related to algorithms (s. also Algorithmic information Theory). Many information processes, such as network messaging or computer information processing, have algorithmic nature as they are performed according to various algorithms.

Two kinds of algorithmic information are considered: (1) algorithmic information necessary to build a constructive object by a given system of algorithms and (2) algorithmic information in an object, e.g., message, which allows making simpler construction of another object. The most popular measure of algorithmic information of the first type is absolute Kolmogorov or algorithmic complexity. The most popular measure of algorithmic information of the second type is relative Kolmogorov or algorithmic complexity (®Kolmogorov complexity).

According to the classes of algorithms used for information acquisition, processing and utilization, three types of algorithmic information have been separated and studied:
 
References
  • BURGIN, M. (2010). Theory of Information: Fundamentality, Diversity and Unification. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing.
  • CHAITIN, G. J. (1966). "On the length of programs for computing finite binary sequences". Journal of the Association for Computing Machinery, Vol. 13, 547-569.
  • KOLMOGOROFF, A. N. (1965). Three approaches to the quantitative definition of ‘information'. Problems of Information Transmission, Vol. 1, Num. 1, 3-11.
  • SOLOMONOFF, R. J. (1960). A Preliminary Report on a General Theory of Inductive Inference. Report V-131, Zator Co., Cambridge, Ma. Feb 4, 1960.
  • SOLOMONOFF, R. J. (1964). A formal theory of inductive inference. Inf. Control, Vol. 7, 1-22 (I part), 224-254 (II part).
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Mark Burgin (17/02/2011)

[Incorporated after being reviewed into the article column, 16/12/2011]

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