Jorge Morato (11/2009)
Knowledge Management, Knowledge organization, semiotics
[Understandable but with some grammatical missteps]
Taxonomy is a classification
or categorization of a set of objects in a hierarchical way. A generic-specific
relationship is established between pairs of terms. This hierarchical
arrangement is present in every Knowledge Organization System (SKOS):
thesaurus, concept model, or ontology.
The main components of
- Hierarchical structure (specific
context) with different levels of specificity.
- Labels (names that label
each concept). They are the elements in the structure, grouped in thematic
- Faceted. Every concept
might belong to a different facet. These
facets enable handling sets of terms grouped by attributes.
This approach facilitates indexing and retrieval tasks.
Taxonomies are used in
companies and organizations to manage and organize their information resources.
This facilitates searching, browsing and navigation in the hierarchy. Some
- Arrangement of the company vocabulary in domains that are
not important enough to have their own public controlled vocabulary.
- Representation of the terms that the organization
employs every day.
- Completion of terms with definitions about their specific
- User orientation.
- Navigation through the hierarchical
- Specification of the query, thus narrowing the used terms.
- Organisation on internal business needs. Users arrange
terms in a meaningful way.
- Development and updating of
the structure, according to changing business requirements.
Taxonomy organizes not only
the vocabulary of an organization, but also its output and resources, including
its know-how. Taxonomies inherit the
hierarchical classification from SKOS and
the descriptors from the thesaurus. They are used to organize large amounts of
data, with the help of a controlled vocabulary.
In short, a taxonomy arranges its
hierarchical structure in accordance with a context and a group of users. This
resource merges an indexing language with a specific vocabulary, reflecting in its
structure both the domain and information needs of an organization.
DACONTA, M.; OBRST, L; y SMITH, K. (2003). The Semantic Web. A guide to the future of XML, Web services, and Knowledge management. Indianapolis: Wiley Publishing
CONWAY, S. y SLIGAR C. (2002). Building taxonomies, en su Unlocking knowledge assets. Redmont: Microsoft Press, pp. 105-124.
GILCHRIST, A. (2003). "Thesauri, taxonomies and ontologies: an etymological note", en Journal of Documentation, Vol. 59, n 1, pp. 7-18.
MOREIRO GONZALEZ, J. A.; MORATO, J.; SANCHEZ-CUADRADO, S.; RODRIGUEZ BARQUIN, B.A. (2006) "Categorización de los conceptos en el análisis de contenid2o: su señalamiento desde la Retórica clásica hasta los Topic Maps", Revista Investigación Bibliotecológica: archivonomía, bibliotecología e información , Vol. 20, n. 40, pp. 13-31.
WZHONGONG, W., CHAUDRY, A. S., y KHOO, C. (2006). "Potential and prospects of taxonomies for content organization", Knowledge Organization, Vol. 33, n. 3, pp. 160-169.
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Jorge Morato (5/11/2009)
[It corresponds with the first version of the article, which is now showed in the left column.]